Why ELOs matter: Reducing the risk from 3-6 pm

The hours between 3 and 6 pm are a time of opportunity for students. But if they’re not involved in structured, supervised learning, there’s  plenty of opportunity for high-risk behavior.

Nationally, juvenile violent crimes triple during the 3-6 pm window.

During these hours, youth are also most likely to be victims of a crime, get in a car accident, smoke, drink and do drugs.

Crime spike

Teens who don’t participate in afterschool programs are 3 times more likely to use marijuana or other drugs and are more likely to drink, smoke and engage in sexual activity (YMCA of the USA, 2001).

The summer months represent the same dangers for disengaged students. That’s when first use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs peaks among youth ages 12-17 (SAMHSA, 2012).

And none of this is surprising, considering that more than 25% of students spend those hours unsupervised—and that percentage goes up in high-poverty communities.


These national numbers are stunning, but in Nebraska, the challenge is even greater. 36% of our state’s students are unsupervised afterschool, compared with the national average of 26%.


It’s a fact. Kids in high-quality ELOs are safer.

Aside from the countless academic advantages, access to high-quality afterschool and summer learning programs–experiences we call Expanded Learning Opportunities (ELOs)–ensures that students are in a safe, structured and supervised environment in the off-school hours. They’re receiving healthy snacks, getting homework help, and engaging in the kind of hands-on learning many children would not otherwise get to experience.

Children who participate in school-aged afterschool and summer programs spend peak risk hours in a supervised, structured environment. They are not experimenting with cigarettes, drugs or sex. They are not sneaking beers. They are not cruising around with inexperienced drivers, loitering or any other
high risk behavior. The risks associated with the hours between 3-6 pm and the summer months have been effectively removed by ELOs.

The Promising Afterschool Programs Study found that elementary students reported reductions in aggressive behavior towards other students and skipping school, and middle school students reported reduced use of drugs and alcohol, compared to their routinely unsupervised peers. (Policy Studies Associates, Inc., 2007)

Nobel Prize-winning economist James Heckman concludes that a complement of early education and participation in school-age afterschool programs can reduce early drug use among youth by nearly 50 percent. (University of Chicago, 2006)

That’s a lot of good generated in the afterschool hours and summer months.


Nebraska Children's mission is to maximize the potential of Nebraska’s children, youth, and families through collaboration and community-centered impact.

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Posted in Middle Childhood
One comment on “Why ELOs matter: Reducing the risk from 3-6 pm
  1. […] blog posts have already discussed how ELOs close the achievement gap, keeps students safe, and reduce crime in communities. But did you know that high-quality ELOs help participants do […]

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